Merrill Lynch Sanctioned for Alleged ADR Violations
According to a press announcement this week, Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated has agreed to pay more than $8 million to settle SEC charges of infractions related to American Depositary Receipts (ADR), the U.S. securities representing foreign shares in foreign companies.
American Depository Receipts (ADRs) require a corresponding number of foreign shares to be held in custody at a depositary bank. The practice of “pre-release” allows ADRs to be issued without the deposit of foreign shares, provided brokers receiving them have an agreement with a depositary bank and the broker or its customer owns the number of foreign shares that corresponds to the number of shares the ADR represents.
Merrill Lynch allegedly improperly handled the “pre-release” of ADRs. The wirehouse purportedly borrowed pre-released ADRs from brokers it knew didn’t own the foreign shares corresponding to the amounts in the ADRs, according to the complaint.
The SEC alleged that these practices resulted in inflating the total number of a foreign issuer’s tradeable securities, which resulted in abusive practices like inappropriate short selling and dividend arbitrage that should not have been occurring.
According to the regulator, Merrill Lynch found that its policies, procedures, and supervision failed to prevent and detect securities laws violations concerning borrowing pre-released ADRs from these middlemen.
The SEC found that Merrill Lynch’s supervision policies and procedures failed to detect and prevent ADR-related violations.
Merrill Lynch reportedly agreed to pay more than $4.4 million in disgorgement of allegedly ill-gotten gains, more than $724,000 in prejudgment interest and a penalty of $2.89 million, according to the press release.
Further, Merrill Lynch reportedly agreed to the sanctions without admitting or denying the regulator’s findings.
This is the SEC’s ninth enforcement action against a bank or broker resulting from its ongoing investigation into abusive ADR pre-release practices. The actions have led to more than $370 million in settlements thus far, according to the press release.
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For more information on The White Law Group, and its representation of investors, please visit www.WhiteSecuritiesLaw.com.Tags: ADR isanctions., FINRA arbiitration, Merrill Lynch charges, Merrill Lynch Pierce Fenner & Smith, Merrill Lynch SEC, securities fraud attorney Last modified: March 27, 2019